Intellectual ability refers to our skills involved in learning, thinking and understanding. These skills include: remembering ; logic; understanding; recognising objects and shapes; identifying similarities between objects; planning; hand-eye co-ordination; visual perception and recalling memories. Most children have good development in these skills and therefore learn well in the mainstream system of education.
An intellectual disability means that the child's ability to develop these skills is significantly delayed compared to similar age children In addition, the child's ability to independently undertake simple skills of daily living is also significantly impaired. Significant delays are identified in the learning, thinking and understanding skills mentioned above and this impacts on the child's ability to learn, make friends and live independent lives.
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